Archaeological Sites

The United Arab Emirates boasts of an ancient history that dates back to thousands of years. The archaeological items that have been discovered in different parts of the country are proofs of the different civilizations that had reigned in the region. And a number of archaeological sites dating back from the first to the third millennium BC have been discovered e.g. Heila near Alain, Umm Nar on the beach near Abu Dhabi, Qusais in Dubai, Ghalila in Ras Alkhaima, Dibba on the east coast. There also other discovered items dating back to the earlier days of Islam, as there are also other discovered items in Alain, Alhau'a, Ras Alkhaima and Rams dating back to the 16th century.

Umm Nar

Is a small island east south of Abu Dhabi. Some 50 round shape rocky graves and a settlement were discovered there. Each of the graves was divided from inside into smaller rooms, and each grave has a door. On some of the graves there are some engraved drawings of some domestic animals. Inside the graves there are some big frames in addition to some collections of beads, pieces of cloth, stone vessels, colored and decorated potteries, magnificent copper and bronze materials, which all date back to the third millennium BC. Incidentally, some resemblances were observed between the Umm Nar archaeological items and some other discovered archaeological items in Oman, Qatar and Bahrain.


Is an agricultural suburb among Alain's seven suburbs. Some two rectangle stone building structural foundations were discovered there, but researchers could not determine its type. Also discovered inside it are some bones, stone, and metal potteries, a number of copper swords, a collection of beads, agate stone, golden and copper statues of bulls, Nubian ibex, dears and human skulls that all date back to third millennium BC.


Is a northern suburb of Alain, it is 10 kilometer away from Alain. Seven round shape graves were discovered there, one of them big and all of them divided from inside into smaller rooms to bury the dead. Some pottery tractors with engineering decoration was also discovered alongside some pieces of human bones, some beads, some copper arrowheads, which all date back to third millennium BC, and share the same age with the Umma Nar and Alqattara archaeological discoveries, though these were older.


This site was discovered on the top of mountains some two hundred kilometers south of Alain. Some round shape graves with southward doors were also discovered there. Also some copper materials, potteries colored beads and most importantly a bronze engraved sword, a similar of which was never found except in western Iran, were all discovered, and they all date back to third millennium BC.

Bida'a Bint Su'ud

Is a tiny rocky area some 15 kilometers north of Alain. Some stone round shape graves that date back to the first millennium BC, were discovered. Also some potteries and other copper and bronze items were discovered inside.


Is an area located at some 12 kilometers east of Dubai. Some ground level graves were discovered there. And the most important discovery there was a huge frame that dates back to 900 years BC, in addition to some potteries, stone vessels, bronze arrowheads that date back to the end of the second millennium BC.

Al Duraihana

It is an archaeological settlement located in Ras Alkhaima, which dates back to the Islamic ages in the 10th Hijiri century. Some engraved painstakingly engraved ceramic and bronze items were discovered there.

Qasr Alzaba'a

It is on the top of one othe Ras Alkhaima mountains, and it too dilapidated that only a wall surrounding the palace stands. Nothings could be observable in the decrepit palace except some signs of a room, some halls and water reservoirs. It is widely speculated that, Alzaba'a was actually Hind Bint Alrayyan; the Arabian queen, as it is also widely rumored that, the city of Ras Alkhaima had derived its name because Queen Alzaba'a had a tent on the palace site.

Mauqi'u Al Dour

It is an archaeological settlement located in Umm Alquawain. It has some foundations of a fort and towers that date back to the first century BC, some bronze and silver minted items belonging the Hllentsi era.

Mauqi'u Alzawwara

Is located in Ajman and it contains some Islamic archeological settlements that resembles the ones in AlDuraihana in Ras Alkhaima. And it dates back to the same 10th Hijiri century approximately.

Maqbaratul Juyush

Is an archaeological cemetery located near Dibba AlFujairah. It dates back to the earlier Islamic ages, when Khalifa Abubakra Alsiddiq sent an army to suppress a rebellion in the area and conquered them, thereafter the bodies of those killed among the Muslims in the battle were buried there.

Manhutat Misfawt

They are some inscribed drawings of a group of people in different pastures engraved on rocks. There are also inscribed drawings of some individuals engraved on the rock with each individual holding hunting tools and an arrow, and they date back to the third or sixth millennium BC.

Quboor Almanama

It is a location of some archaeological graves, which probably date back to third millennium BC, and it is located some 85 kilometer east of Ajman.


Though it belongs to Sharjah, it falls in between Sharjah and Ajman. Some Islamic archeological items were discovered there, which date back to the sixth of seventh Hijiri century.


Is a large village under Sharjah, located on the coast towards Ajman. It contains some remnants of some round shape graves, and the excavators have discovered some pieces of colored potteries in the village.


Is an Islamic archaeological site under Sharjah, where some pieces of potteries were discovered.

Wadil Madam

Is an old Islamic archaeological site located on Sharjah-Dhaid road. Some pieces of colored potteries discovered there, and there was an old and dilapidated fort on it.


It has two forts on the entrance of Aldhaid city, and there is an old Islamic archeological settlement that may date back to the seventh Hijiri century.


Is located some 66 kilometer from Fujairah, and it contains some old archaeological sites e.g. Dibba Fort and some archeological items dating back to the battle against rebellion fought during the reign of Abubakar Alsiddiq. There are also some archaeological items belonging to the Arab tribe of Asad, and some discovered silver currencies that date back to the ancient times, as well as some Islamic potteries.


It is under Sharjah and it contains an Islamic cemetery and other leveled Islamic archaeological things. Some round shape graves were also discovered there, which all resemble the graves in Jabal Hafeet in Alain. Furthermore, many colored Islamic potteries that prove the political and economic importance of the village as per as the old Arabian Peninsula was concerned particularly during the period before 2000 years, were also discovered.

Jabal Alfaya

It contains some round shape graves that resemble the graves on Jabal Hafeet, and they probably date back the third millennium BC.

Mazra'at Al Maliha

This site was discovered inside an Islamic cemetery. The head of a statue, some round shape graves and some colored Islamic potteries, were found therein.

Jabal Al Daya

It is located in Sharjah, it contains some round shape graves made of some stones that resemble those of Hafeet graves. Some potteries dating back to Islamic periods were discovered.

Quboor Bahis

Is a site of some round shape archaeological graves that look like hips of stones. They resemble -to large extent- the graves discovered around Alain on the top of Jabal Hafeet, and they date back to the theird millennium BC.

Al Bidya

Some two archeological sites were discovered there; the first is a residential settlement and the other is a group cemetery that dates back to four thousand five hundred years, also some relatively recent Islamic potteries were discovered.


A group cemetery was discovered in Qadfa'a area in Fujairah, where a thousand pieces of archeological items were excavated from this cemetery that dates back to the stone age.

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