Transportation

Domestic air
Korea has an excellent domestic flight networks linking nearly 20 cities and currently served by six carriers, Korean Air, Asiana Airlines, Jin Air, Air Busan, Jeju Air, and Eastar. You can get to any city in the country within an hour from Seoul.

Taxies
There are four different types of taxies; Ilban, Mobeom, Van (Jumbo), and International taxies. Both Ilban and Mobeom taxies are medium size cabs. Taxi stands are around in the large cities, but you can occasionally catch one on the street by hailing. Taxies are operating in the area of their business precinct. Seoul taxies are only in Seoul and as such in Busan, other cities or provinces. But, there is an exception only when one hires taxi. If not hired, they are not allowed to pick up passengers in other license precinct. When you make a trip to the neighboring cities or towns, you can simply pay by meter. But, to a considerable distance from where you catch, fare negotiation is still a common practice.

Ilban Taxies
Ilban taxies are usually grey in color and recognizable by the blue or white sign on the roof. They seem to dart in and out of traffic at what appears to be appalling speeds. They are quite reliable. The fare is by the meter. Currently, the basic fare starts at 2,400 Won for the first 1.8Km and additional charge of 100 Won for every 144 extra driving meters. A 20 percent late-night surcharge is added between the hours of midnight and 4 a.m.

Mobeom Taxis
The basic rate is 4,500 won for the first three kilometers, after which 200 won is charged for each 164 meters when the taxis is traveling faster than 15 kilometers per hour, otherwise 200 won is added for every 39 seconds when traveling slower than this speed. Mobeom taxis do not have an additional nighttime fee.

Jumbo (Van) Taxis
Passengers who are traveling in a large group or have excess baggage may choose to take a van taxi. These taxis have the same rate system as the Mobeom taxis and are the same color as deluxe taxi (black with yellow lettering). They are available on call, and, depending on the company dispatched, a 1,000 won dispatching fee may apply.

International Taxi (Orange Taxi)
It is a new addition in Seoul, supporting English and Japanese translation service. It is easily identified by its color - Orange. Foreign currencies are not accepted. Major credit cards like American Express, Visa, Master, or JCB card, and rechargeable pre-paid card (upgraded T-money Card) which can be purchased at information desk at the airport. The service is based on reservation, however, not required if taxis are in waiting. Reservation call center is 1644-2255.

Fare choice of International by your needs: Meter fare, Zone fare (limited only to and from Seoul and Incheon International airport), or charter fare are as follow.

Meter fare
Medium taxi
Minimum fare : 2,280 KRW (up to 2km)
Distance-distance fare: 120 KRW/144m
Time-distance fare : 120 KRW/35sec

Luxury taxi
Minimum fare : 4,500 KRW (up to 3km)
Distance-distance fare: 200 KRW/164m
Time-distance fare : 200 KRW/39sec

Zone fare
Zone A (Incheon International airport to Zone A in Seoul or vice versa)
Medium taxi 55,000 KRW
Luxury taxi 80,000 KRW

Zone B (Incheon International airport to Zone B in Seoul or vice versa)
Medium taxi 65,000 KRW
Luxury taxi 95,000 KRW

Zone C (Incheon International airport to Zone C in Seoul or vice versa)
Medium taxi 75,000 KRW
Luxury taxi 110,000 KRW

Charter rate
Medium taxi
3 hours 50,000 KRW
5 hours 80,000 KRW
8 hours 125,000 KRW
10 hours 150,000 KRW
Daily charter rate 200,000 KRW up to 12 hours

Luxury taxi
3 hours 70,000 KRW
5 hours 100,000 KRW
8 hours 145,000 KRW
10 hours 175,000 KRW
Daily charter rate 200,000 KRW up to 12 hours
Additional hour at 20,000 KRW excluding toll and parking.

Water Taxies
These taxies are new addition and only available in Seoul. Launched in October, 2007, it provides tourists and commuters with a convenient transport alternative. The boat trip takes much faster than on the jammed roads. The commuter service is from 07:00 to 8:30 and from 18:00 to 19:30 in ten minutes interval. Currently, a total of 15 taxi stops along the Han River are in operation. The taxi accommodates 7 passengers. It can also be hired except busy commuting hours.

City Buses
Almost large cities in Korea are served by an excellent bus system. In the city, buses are plainly numbered and run frequently to most destinations. Seoul 's city bus network is remarkable. There are 8,500 buses running 400 different routes every 5 to 10 minutes every day. There are four types of lines for Seoul bus: Blue bus (Main Line), Green bus (Branch Line), Red bus (Wide Area Line), and Yellow bus (Circular Line). The fare is cheap, but the buses are extremely crowded during peak rush hours. It is wise to prepare the correct fare at busy hours to avoid the hassle with change. Fare in cash or T-money card.

Subway
Seoul has a comprehensive subway that will get you easily and quickly to almost any part of the city. With 16 lines covering total distance of 493Km, it provides convenient connections to 390 stations. The transit stations are marked with a Daeguk on the map, a circle balanced in 3 different colors of red, yellow and navy blue, or numbered in the circle the lines heading to. Subway lines are identified by colors, and operate with a time interval of 3 to 5 minutes with some exceptions from 05:30 until very close to midnight, but you should keep in mind that you are ready in time for the last one. The tickets are purchased from the ATVM or at the ticket booth. The fares could vary depending on your destination station. Prepaid transit cards are recharged allowing passengers to use them until the balance on the card is exhausted, and add values afterwards. The subway is increasingly popular as a means to get around. The fare is very reasonable. You simply go to the ticket window, state your destination, pay the fare and get a paste board ticket. Validate the ticket at the turnstile with the lighted arrow. All of the stops are identified in Korean and in English with numbers. Bicycle is now admitted. If all else fails, you can always ask. Koreans are very helpful and will reach your destination. The subway is also in operation in Busan, Daegu, Daejeon and Gwanju.

Trains
Riding train is a wonderful way to discover Korea without having to worry about the traffic. There are several trains to choose: Korea Train Express (KTX) with 967 seats is the fastest and most comfortable way to get to major cities like Cheonan, Daejeon, Daegu, Busan, Gwangju, and Mokpo. The KTX started its operation in April, 2004. Two other classes are Saemaul and Mugungwha running slower. Note that the reservation system for all trains currently allows you to book one month advance of your travel. The luggage space in all passenger trains is limited - flight carry-on size will best fit to them.

Express Buses
Korea has 2,800Kms of highway network. You will get to the most of the cities in Korea within 6 hours by express bus. Today, Seoul has 4 terminals serving transportations to the countryside. They are Gangnam, Nambu, Dong Seoul and Sangbong Terminal. Gangnam Terminal or Seoul Express Bus Terminal is the major bus depot and is divided into two terminals: Gyeongjubuseon and Honam-Yeongdongseon. Gyeongjubuseon links south and southeastern region, while Honam- Yeongdongseon for southwestern and eastern region. Nambu terminal is for the buses heading for central region including some of the southeastern cities, and Sangbong Terminal for the north and northeastern cities and towns. Busan has two terminals and links major cities around the country. Buses normally operate 06:00 - 19:00 for the long distances, while 06:00 - 21:00 for the short distances. In addition, night buses are increasingly in operation and charges little more than daytime service.

Airport Limousines (Incheon International Airport)
The airport limousine is the most common way of your transportation from Incheon International Airport to major hotels in Seoul and other cities around Korea.
Listed below is an example of KAL limousine service among many other bus lines.

City Hall Line (6701)
Incheon International Airport - Koreana Hotel - Seoul Plaza Hotel - Westin Chosun Hotel - Lotte downtown Hotel - Koreana Hotel - Seosomun KAL Building - Seoul Garden Hotel

Namsan Line (6702)
Incheon International Airport - Seoul Garden Hotel - Ramada Hotel & Suite - Seoul Station - Millenium Seoul Hilton Hotel - Grand Hyatt Hotel - Grand Ambassador Hotel - Silla Hotel - Yaksu Station

Gangnam Line (6703)
Incheon International Airport - Seoul Palace Hotel - Sapyeong Station - Ritz Carlton Hotel - Novotel Ambassador Gangnam - Renaissance Hotel - Best Western Gangnam Hotel - Sapyeong Station

COEX Line (6704)
Incheon International Airport - Imperial Palace Hotel (Across) - Ramada Seoul - COEX Intercontinental Hotel - Park Hyatt Hotel (Samsung Station) - IBIS Ambassador Seoul - Grand Intercontinental Hotel

Jamsil Line (6705)
Incheon International Airport - Lotte World Hotel - Dong Seoul Bus Terminal - Gwangnaru Station - Walkerhill Hotel

Gimpo Airport Jamsil Line (6706)
Gimpo Airport - Lotte World Hotel

Airport Line (6707 A)
Hyatt Regency Incheon Hotel - Inha International Medical Center - Incheon International Airport - Gimpo Airport

Songdo Line (6707 B)
Incheon International Airport - Hyatt Regency Incheon Hotel - Korea Coast Guard - Songdo Park - Songdo Bridge - Sheraton Inchon Hotel

Vehicles
Please refer to the following guidelines of the vehicle capacity.
If with luggage for airport meeting, sending, or traveling to other places for overnight
9 seat van  - 3 passengers or less
12 seat van - 3 passengers or less
15 seat bus - 4 to 5 passengers
31 seat bus - 6 to 11 passengers
45 seat bus - 12 to 30 passengers

Without luggage
9 seat van  - 4 to 5 passengers
12 seat van - 6 to 7 passengers
15 seat bus - 8 to 9 passengers
31 seat bus - 10 to 17 passengers
45 seat bus - 18 to 35 passengers

Luggage truck
As usual, a luggage truck for the group of more than 30 persons when on airport meeting or sending service is strongly recommendable as Korean bus trunk will not be able to accommodate your luggage. And likewise, when travelling for overnight to the countryside, the tourist bus and luggage truck move together.

Ferry
For the relaxed pace travelers, boat trip to Jeju and off shore islands are recommendable. Hydro foil links between Jeju and Mokpo, the southernmost port of the mainland in two hours, however ferry takes well over than 10 hours from Busan to Jeju, and 5 hours from Mokpo to Jeju or vice versa.

Driving in Korea (Right hand traffic)
Driving can be an exciting and effective way of getting around Korea. Extensive road and expressway networks are available, which means you can visit every corner of the country easily. Yet, it is indeed a frustrating experience if you do decide to venture out. Most Koreans are in their inimitable aggressive style and have little or no respect for lane markings. Roads are marked in both Korean alphabet and English, so it is not as difficult as it could be to find your destination. One key to successful driving in Korea is to have a map.

Please keep the followings in mind when driving in Korea
- You must be over 21 years of age
- Always carry your international driver license
- Possess a valid passport.
- Fasten seat belt
- No ALCOHOL
- No cellular phone
- No DMB
- Children often raise their hands in the air as they cross the street. They would cause automobile to stop
- Whenever space is provided, they often cut in which is most frustrating
- Do not drive on the lane permanently marked in blue paint. It is reserved for public buses
- Most Koreans seldom yield the right-of-way, much less of giving way to traffic already in a circle

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