About Panama

Demography of Panama

Most of the population is of mestizo origins, descendants of Indian, African and Spanish heritages, although there is great ethnic diversity.

The population density is evident along the coastal region of the Gulf of Panama, particularly on the Azuero Peninsula, and in the metropolitan areas of Panama City and Colón. A high degree of urban development in recent years has attracted a growing urban population, currently representing 59% of the total country population. The fertility rate is one of the lowest in Central America, with an average of 2.6 children per woman.

3,405,813 (July 2010 est.)

Distribution by age

0-14 years: 28.6% (male 504,726/ female 484,291)
15-64 years: 64.2% (male 1,123,777/ female 1,098,661)
65 years and over: 7.2% (male 115,425/ female 133,582) (2011 est.).

Growth rate
1.435% (2011 est.).

Birth rate
19.43 births /1,000 people (2011 est.).

Mortality rate
4.65 deaths/1,000 people (July 2011 est.).

Net migration rate
-0.42 Migrant (s) / 1,000 people (2011 est.).

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