Mongolia Geography

Territory: 1.564.100 sq km, 19th and the most sparsely populated independent largest country in the world

Population: 2.754.314 people with density of 1.8 person/sq km

Geographic position: Mongolia lies in Central Asia and borders with Russia and China.

Average altitude: 1.580 m above sea level

Landscapes: Semi-desert and plains, mountains in the west and southwest, Gobi desert in the south and southeast, taiga forests and lakes in the north.

Mongolia is a landlocked country in Central Asia with the area of 1,565,000kmĀ². Total length of the border is 8,158km and out of that Mongolia shares 3,485km border with the Russian Federation to the north and 4,673km with the People's Republic of China to the south. From western most to eastern most point is 2,392km and from northern most point to southern most point is 1,259km.The capital city Ulaanbaatar is the biggest city in the country; about 50% of the population lives in Ulaanbaatar. Mongolia is elevated on average about 1,580m above the sea level. In the north and west lie Altai, Khangai and Khentii mountain ranges. Gobi and desert regions spread throughout the east and south of the country. Much of the country consists of steppe. The highest point in Mongolia is the Khuiten Peak in the Tavan Bogd mountain range in the far west at 4,374m above the sea level. From the north to the south the country is divided into 4 major regions differing in natural and geographical features Khangai and Khentii, Altain mointains, Dornod plains and Gobi regions. Further, Mongolia is divided into six natural zones high mountain zone, taiga (forest) zone, forest steppe zone, steppe zone, desert steppe zone and desert zone. Mongolia is the 19th largest but the most sparsely populated independent country in the world.

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