History and Culture

Since the 15th century, Burundi is a monarchy organized around a king, the « Mwami ». Burundi has an oral tradition, the legends and tales have inspired the historians. The kingdom has rejected all the incursions of the Zanzibar slave hunters before submitting to the Germans in 1897. Mwezi Gisabo surrendered on June 6 , 1903 at Kiganda which became an historical site.

Successively a Belgian then a German colony, Burundi became independent in 1962. The assassination of the national hero, Prince Rwagasore, on October 13, 1961 will precede the end of the monarchy. In 1966, Michel MICOMBERO became the first president of the Republic of Burundi.

The Burundian population is composed of three main ethnic groups (Hutu, Tutsi and Twa). However, in opposition to what is very often the case in Africa, these groups did not form different cultures. The language, “Kirundi” as well as most the social customs are the base of a culture shared by the majority of the united population on a territory united since the eighteenth century.

The cultural and historical inheritance of the country is extensively rich, with precious physical tracks. In an oral civilization, a whole unique cultural universe reveals itself to those who listen to tales circulating on old days in Burundi as well as to those who are interested in these ancient locations full of memories.

Need a Help for Burundi Visa?
We also provide Visa
Services to Burundi